Manchester United failed to impress as they were beaten 1-0 by Bayern Munich in their final pre-season friendly.Jose Mourinho’s side were on the back foot for the vast majority of the game and a Javi Martinez header saw them slump to defeat. How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures silverware Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? boost RANKED smart causal Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Arjen Robben looked to have added a late second, but it was quickly ruled out for offside.Lee Grant played the final 15 minutes for Manchester United and Mourinho fielded multiple youngsters, including 17-year-old James Garner.United will kick-off their Premier League campaign at home to Leicester on Friday night. possible standings England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won REVEALED IN DEMAND Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade The clash of two European giants produced an uneventful first half and both teams headed into the second period on equal footing.To United’s credit, they made themselves a tough nut to crack at the Allianz, but Bayern ultimately did make the breakthrough on 59 minutes.Thiago’s corner found Javi Martinez and the Spaniard nodded past David de Gea with a simple headed finish from inside the six-yard box. Latest Manchester United News Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won gameday cracker Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade 1 Chris Smalling battled Robert Lewandowski deals Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT REVEALED Solskjaer gives Pogba fitness update and calls him world’s best all-round midfielder
A look at the evidence behind the latest claim of the universe’s earliest stars shows nothing of the sort. And that’s not the biggest whopper.“Astronomers claim first glimpse of primordial stars,” Nature News announces. Daniel Clery at Science Mag is even more brazen: “Astronomers spot first-generation stars, made from big bang.” The elusive “Population III” stars, made entirely of hydrogen, have at last been found! (one would think). These are supposedly members of the first generation of stars after the big bang, before any heavy elements had been made by supernovas. Science Daily tantalizes, “until now the search for physical proof of their existence had been inconclusive,” under its bold headline, “Best observational evidence of first generation stars in the universe: VLT discovers CR7, the brightest distant galaxy, and signs of Population III stars.”But it’s not true. Read the fine print. Nature says,Now astronomers think they may have spied a late-blooming cluster of such stars, in the brightest distant galaxy observed to date. The stars, seen as they were when the Universe was around 800 million years old, appear to be primordial in composition – but also to have formed more recently than some second-generation stars.These can’t be first-generation stars if they are younger than second-generation stars, especially when theory expects first-generation stars to burn out quickly. The statement only says they “appear to be primordial in composition.” But they are found in a galaxy with stars containing heavy elements. Those stars (according to current theory) could only form well after the “primordial” Population III stars had gone supernova, sending heavy elements into the galaxy’s gas and dust.Only below the bold headlines does the reader hear that the discovery creates other problems. Even then, some heavy interpretation is needed to keep the story going:But the galaxy is not where astronomers had imagined they would find the Universe’s earliest stars. CR7 also hosts second generation stars, made from recycled material. Sobral and colleagues suggest that the primordial stars may be late-developers, formed from a cloud of pristine and uncontaminated gas that was prevented from cooling and coalescing by the heat of strong radiation from earlier-blooming stars. “We think we’re seeing the last episode of Population III star formation,” he says.That primordial stars should turn up in such a large and already-evolved galaxy presents a challenge to the group’s interpretation, but is probably the least exotic of the possible explanations for CR7’s light signal, says Naoki Yoshida, an astrophysicist at the University of Tokyo. Further observations of the galaxy will be needed to rule out other possibilities, admit the authors.But Wait: There’s MoreThat was downright deceitful. But it’s not the first time astronomers have misrepresented their empirical evidence. A positivist story on PhysOrg from May 28, “Shining message about the end of the Dark Ages” promises enlightenment about the time before the first stars began to shine. This story, too, delivers darkness rather than light. After confident claims based on just three stars assumed to be primitive, the article admits difficulties:The current discoveries allow a fascinating new insight into the events surrounding the emergence of the first stars. Accordingly, these stars must not have arisen in isolation but in groups, Prof. Klessen underlines. The high-mass stars exploded after only a few million years, but far less violently than had been assumed. The Heidelberg scientist explains: “Only then could the lighter elements such as carbon or oxygen be projected far enough into the cosmos to be of use to the new stars, which have a lower mass but a longer life.” However, there is another puzzling question. The three newly discovered stars display no trace of lithium, although this chemical element is also contained in the original gas. For Dr. Marco Limongi from the Rome observatory, which is also part of the international research team, this is another mystery waiting to be elucidated.Frame grab: Then there’s a PhysOrg article from June 8 that takes a snapshot and builds a movie out of it. Data from the ALMA Long Baseline Interferometry Campaign show a gravitationally lensed galaxy forming a classic “Einstein ring” shape. That’s the snapshot. From there, the reader is treated to a story about galaxies merging and creating huge numbers of new stars, which “will likely turn into new giant star-forming regions in the future.” The positivism morphs into a promissory note stamped What Scientists Will Learn Some Day. “It also shows how ALMA will enable astronomers to make more discoveries in the years to come, also uncovering yet more questions about the nature of distant galaxies.” They can’t lose; either they can claim it’s a discovery, or a question. If it doesn’t fit theory, keep sending money; it will be “another mystery waiting to be elucidated.”Dork side of the farce: We won’t dignify Space.com‘s putrid excuse for a teaser headline, “Band Of Galaxies Imitates Real Rock N’ Roll Lifestyle.” What? “Comparing this ‘cosmic quartet’ is akin to every day life of the Rock greats, where you find internal strife (black holes, tidal tails), struggles for stardom (star formation) and sexual encounters (galactic mergers).” Good grief; the data is about four galaxies (clumps of burning gas). Well, maybe there is something to the metaphor. They quote Carl Sagan, “We are made of starstuff.” Well, then, act like it!Dark Matter is another perennial no-show in astrophysics. PhysOrg offered the latest “fresh theories about dark matter” on May 15, and New Scientist recently got even more bizarre, proposing that dark matter may be composed of exotic “WIMPzillas from the dawn of time.” but more recently, New Scientist asked a very good question: “How long can we keep looking for dark matter?” The public has been led down this primrose path since the 1930s. Expensive detectors have failed to find it. The biggest particle detector in the world, CERN’s Large Hadron Collider, hasn’t found it. “The search can’t go on forever,” the anonymous article says.It’s true that some hunches have borne fruit in the history of science, but there have been false leads, too, like the epicycles invented to prop up Ptolemaic cosmology. Is this the next “luminiferous aether” destined to be forgotten? Are astronomers “looking for something that isn’t there?”But pragmatically, the real issue is not the science, but the money. Most physicists would say it’s worth persevering with the search, given its potentially huge ramifications. But how long can they persuade their funders to keep paying for it? Consider the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, which, despite its potential impact, now receives no public money and relatively little private support. That’s easily explained: the scale of the task and the limits of our technology mean the chances of finding intelligent aliens seem slim. Given a few more years of null results, dark matter might come to seem a less worthwhile investment to cash-strapped funding bodies too.The unspoken option is to cut your losses, admit you were wrong, backtrack, and start on a whole new path.Galaxy evolution: Need more? PhysOrg promises that “‘Galaxy fingerprinting’ yields new clues about galaxy evolution,” but then ends by taking it all back. Keck Telescope observation show that distant galaxies are just like low-mass galaxies in the Milky Way’s neighborhood. So after all these years, working with the largest and most modern telescopes ever made, “We still don’t have an understanding of how parts of the Milky Way system formed, and our results now tell us what chemistry to go look for to answer this question.” Suggestion: report the facts and just leave it at that.Bonus: Had enough yet? Read Calla Cofield’s entry on Space.com, “Cosmic Confusion: Talk of Multiverses and Big Errors in Astrophysics.” Mario Livio recently confessed to the public some severe embarrassments in his field. “With three other prominent astrophysicists on the panel, Livio delved into one of the most confounding (and embarrassing) problems in modern astrophysics, which led to a discussion of whether or not our universe might be just one of an infinite number of multiverses— and whether a theory of the multiverse is good or bad for science.” He described how astronomers are off on their estimate for the vacuum energy of the universe by 120 orders of magnitude.“This is a large number even in astronomy,” Livio said. “Especially for a discrepancy.“One of the panelists, Josh Frieman, drove home how alarming this error is.“To make a math error that big you know you really have to work hard at it. It’s not easy,” said Frieman, who is a senior staff scientist at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the current director of the Dark Energy Survey.These same people say that the matter and energy we observe only makes up 5% of what exists (the rest being inscrutable dark matter and dark energy), and that an infinite number of universes might exist (the multiverse), because this is the only way to avoid the appearance of design (the anthropic principle, the “A word” to this panel). One of the panelists admitted that astronomers “are in a very awkward situation” with their failures. “So I think we need to be open to all matter of speculations, given the sort of awkward situation we find ourselves in.”And the public trusts these guys to tell us about reality?Just send more money and maybe some day they will have their Theory of Everything (see Science Daily and The Conversation). They promise! Whom else would you trust but a scientist?There you have it; the queen of the sciences—the venerable science of astronomy—corrupted by dogmatic adherents to a godless worldview. They’re like snake oil salesmen who’ve been to the university and learned some big words and math operations. “Buy a bottle of our secular materialism, and we promise you big dividends—real soon!” Years go by; nothing. It happened with SETI; it’s happening with dark matter; and you’ve just seen astronomers and reporters willing to lie about “primordial stars.” Against that is the backdrop of being so wrong that “not even wrong” fails to capture the magnitude of their error. This is what David Klinghoffer calls science abuse (Evolution News & Views). They’re living in a fantasyland of unobservable universes and occult phenomena, where they can act like clowns and still get paid.It’s not just us saying this about the modern batch of secular cosmologists (10/06/04). We’ve been reporting others’ complaints about their pointy-headed wrongness for over a decade (6/18/03). Are you better off than you were 12 years ago? How much more time do they get to shape up?Scientists and reporters are just like everyone else, Klinghoffer reminds us (ENV). Some are “bright men and women with a gift that’s of value in their field, but otherwise subject to all the temptations that the rest of us are.” (After what these astronomers confessed, that is much too charitable.) They get away with it because undeserved respect has been heaped on them from the legacy of the good science days. Well, wake up. We’ve been had by a group of charlatans in science costumes. It’s not going to get better until more reporters like us hammer them with hard questions and (as wise old Phillip Johnson said) refuse to take bluffing and evasion for an answer. No snake oil salesman can endure a crowd that laughs out loud, and then gets righteously indignant about folly. Do your duty. 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[Editor’s note: Roger and Lynn Normand are building a [no-glossary]Passivhaus[/no-glossary] in Maine. This is the eighth article in a series that will follow their project from planning through construction.]We have been comparing two window options for EdgewaterHaus: German-manufactured Unilux windows, and Canadian-made windows from Thermotech Fiberglass. I’ll talk about Thermotech in this blog; a previous blog discussed our impressions of the Unilux windows. The windows feel solidEnough techno-babble. What did we think of the windows?After opening and closing several units, studying the fit and finish from the inside and the outside, feeling the hardware, talking to the builders on how easy they were installed, we concluded that the Thermotech windows are solid and well engineered.One window was delivered with a slight glazing imperfection, and another was damaged in transit due to poor packing for shipment. Thermotech promptly replaced both units.We noticed that the windows opened easily but were a bit more reluctant to close. One builder pointed out how the top mullion on the fixed unit did not align with the adjacent venting unit. Yep, but that’s pretty subtle! The only blemish we noticed was on a couple of windows installed a few years ago. The paint on the bracket that cinches the venting sash to the frame had worn off on these units, and the exposed metal bracket had some surface rust.There are no nearby Thermotech distributors, so the builders have dealt directly with Thermotech in Ottawa, Canada. Kicking the Tires on a Passivhaus ProjectGoodbye Radiant FloorSelecting a General ContractorPlans and Pricing for Our House in MaineLooking Through Windows — Part 1Looking Through Windows — Part 2Looking Through Windows — Part 3Looking Through Windows — Part 5Looking Through Windows — Part 6Looking Through Windows — Part 7 Thermotech windows cost less than Unilux windowsAt a cost of $83 per square foot, the Thermotech windows combine high performance at a budget-friendlier price that the Unilux. We would be comfortable using the Thermotech windows.Still, the Thermotech windows just don’t look as classy as the Unilux with its baked on aluminum exterior cladding, furniture-quality solid-wood finish on the interior, and heavy-duty door hinges. The standard white color of the Thermotech window makes it look like a cheaper PVC window. It would add about $11,000 to custom color the fiberglass and add an interior wood veneer, negating much of the Thermotech cost advantage.The quality of the hardware on the Unilux appears sturdier than that on the Thermotech. As a hefty tilt/turn window, the Unilux opens and closes easily on its beefy hinges.Our architect, Chris Briley, discovered last week that Unilux offers an optional higher SHGC glazing (0.61 vs. standard 0.50). (As an aside, it would have saved a substantial number of billable hours from our architect and energy consultant if we had been told at the outset that Unilux offers direct glazing and higher SHGC glazing options for optimal performance). High-solar-gain glazingI have read a number of articles in prominent magazines that tout protruded fiberglass as the ideal material for windows because of its inherent strength, low thermal conductivity, resistance to rot and insect damage. In addition, its rate of expansion when exposed to heat and contraction when exposed to cold is very similar to that of glass. So the seal between the glass and sash should remain airtight over time as both the fiberglass and glass expand and contract at the same rate. Thermotech’s informational brochure provides an excellent overview on high-performance windows.From a technical perspective, we found that Thermotech offers the highest SHGC glass (0.64) of the window manufacturers we considered. They attribute the high SHGC to the unique low-e coating they use, and the special way they apply the coating to the glazing.Glass surfaces (front and back) for triple-pane windows are numbered sequentially from the outside, with the outer pane having surfaces 1 and 2, the middle pane having surfaces 3 and 4, and the inner pane having surfaces 5 and 6. When outside the house you touch surface 1, and when inside the house you are touch surface number 6. Most low-e coatings are applied on surfaces 2 and 5. Thermotech applies the coating on surfaces 3 and 5, which Thermotech explains allows the first argon-filled chamber to get hotter, which enhances the SHGC.Physics aside, high SHGC south-facing glass is a crucial factor in Passive Houses, as the windows need to facilitate solar heat gain to warm the home during the day, but must also resist heat losses during the night. A 3:1 net heat gain vs. loss is needed. Thermotech window frames are made of fiberglassThermotech gave us references for two homes, both in Belfast, Maine. That was convenient, as it allowed us to visit the Belfast Passive house built by G-O Logic, which is also the subject of a previous blog.The Thermotech windows were installed by different builders. We were able to meet with both builders to get their impressions on the ease of installation, product quality, post installation performance, and any warranty issues that might have arisen. Both homes used Thermotech casement and fixed windows with triple-pane, argon-filled glazing with low-e coatings. One home also featured a Thermotech French door. All the windows had the standard white interior and exterior color.While windows made of wood, wood with aluminum or PVC exterior cladding, aluminum, and PVC windows are most common, the Thermotech windows are made of fiberglass, more precisely, pultruded fiberglass.“Pull who through” glass, you ask? Fiberglass is typically manufactured by pushing resin-impregnated fibers through a heated die. Pultruded fiberglass has a higher glass content and is instead pulled through the heated die. This pultrusion process gives the fiberglass much greater strength. A durable exterior finish is added to provide protection from UV damage. RELATED ARTICLES Are the window specs good enough for a Passivhaus?We have asked Marc Rosenbaum, our energy consultant, to see if EdgewaterHaus can meet the Passivhaus standard using Unilux with direct glazing on mulled units and the 0.61 SHGC glazing in the Passive House Planning Package(PHPP) energy model. If so, perhaps we can negotiate a more budget-friendly price for the Unilux windows.If not, we will use the Thermotech windows. The first article in this series was Kicking the Tires on a Passivhaus Project. Roger Normand’s construction blog is called EdgewaterHaus.
Myla Pablo and Kai Nepomuceno took care of the scoring in Pocari’s 25-23, 25-14, 25-19 rout of Adamson on Sunday, scoring 17 and 14 points, respectively.But the Lady Warriors’ firepower will be put to test by the scrappy Air Force crew, including Iari Yongco, Joy Cases and Mae Pantino. —MARC ANTHONY REYESSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress But that’s also what Air Force, which shares second spot with Pocari at 4-1, has in mind.The Jet Spikers are riding on a five-set triumph over the Power Smashers on Sunday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsBaliPure also hopes to stay in contention when it takes on Adamson-Akari in the other match at 4 p.m.The Water Defenders suffered a stinging five-set defeat at the hands of streaking Perlas-BanKo in a match that saw last conference’s runners-up take the first two sets. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Phoenix, NLEX shoot for No. 3 LATEST STORIES Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ An outright semifinal stint is at stake when defending champion Pocari Sweat and Air Force clash Wednesday in the Premier Volleyball League Open Conference at 6:30 p.m. Filoil Flying V Centre.Pocari is coming off a win against Adamson-Akari over the weekend and is bent on clinching a spot in the semifinals along with early qualifier and unbeaten league-leader Creamline.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet View comments El Nido residents told to vacate beach homes Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ MOST READ Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant