西湖阁论坛外网

Biofuel Helps Heat a Maine College

Posted on

first_imgFuel with a long track record, but obstacles remainBates College isn’t the only institutional user of Ensyn’s biofuel. Memorial Hospital in North Conway, New Hampshire, and a district heating plant in Youngstown, Ohio, are both customers, The Press Herald said, and Ensyn has landed a $70 million loan guarantee to build a new plant in Dooley County, Georgia, capable of producing 20 million gallons of fuel a year. The company is building a plant in Port-Cartier, Quebec, on the north coast of the St. Lawrence River, that should be open later this year.With new plants springing up in the East, institutional customers will have more options for heating fuels, but homeowners are unlikely to reap many benefits.“It works in smaller boilers,” Rasmussen said, “but not residential boilers. It would not be suitable for that.”In addition to practical roadblocks for residential use, there also are market forces at work, said Pavel Molchanov, an energy analyst with Raymond James, an investment broker.Ensyn has been a bright spot in the generally underwhelming cellulosic fuel industry, he wrote in a newsletter last summer. In a followup phone interview, Molchanov said that there’s more money to be made in transportation fuels than in heating, and that’s where Ensyn is likely to concentrate its efforts in the long run.“The simple reason is that fuels that are what we normally think of as renewable fuels are designed for transportation,” he said. “In theory it is possible to use some of them for heating. As a matter of chemistry it’s possible to use them for heating, but economically that would almost never be a good idea. The simple reality is the cost of energy in transportation fuel or gasoline or diesel is always higher than it is in heating.He continued, “If a company is making this product they will always want to sell into whatever market they make the most money in, and that is almost always going to be in transportation.”“Their goal is to get into transportation, though,” Molchanov said of Ensyn’s long-term objective. “They do not want to be selling exclusively for heating forever. Clearly the economics in transportation can be better.” U.S. Colleges Take ‘Climate-Neutral’ Pledge On College Campuses, Signs of Progress on Renewable EnergyLawmakers Try to Prop Up the Sagging Biomass IndustryBiomass Electricity: How Green Is It?Biofuels Turn Out To Be a Climate MistakeCorn Ethanol: The Rise and Fall of a Political ForceEnergy Return on Investment Will Europe Stop Trashing U.S. Forests in the Name of Bioenergy? RELATED ARTICLES Not a blended fuelUnlike the blend of gasoline and corn-derived ethanol that most of us use to fuel our vehicles, Ensyn’s RFO is not a mix of fossil fuels and something else. Lee Torrens, president of Ensyn’s fuels division, described it as a “pyrolytic oil.”“What we do with wood is basically crack it, like they crack petroleum, and then reform it into a liquid,” he said. Ensyn’s innovation was learning how to increase the liquid yield typical in a pyrolytic process from one-third to 70%.The fuel is about 20% water and it comes with half the BTU content of oil. When properly atomized it will burn just like boiler fuel, he said.“If you looked at an ultimate analysis of our liquid and you showed it to a chemical engineer and said, ‘What is this stuff?’ they’d say, ‘It’s wood. It looks like wood.’”The company estimates that the greenhouse gas emissions from burning the fuel are roughly 85% lower than they would be for oil.“All the emissions from wood are biogenic in the greenhouse gas world,” Torrens said. “I don’t have to count the carbon coming off the stack because the carbon emitted was taken up during the life of that tree. On a life-cycle basis, it’s neutral. We don’t have to prove anything in that respect. Those are given factors that are used. The only thing that varies is what kind of tree, how it was harvested, how far did it go.” Bates College was among the U.S. colleges and universities signing a pledge 10 years ago to become carbon neutral by 2020, in part by switching from fossil fuels to biomass to heat the 1 million square feet of space on its Lewiston, Maine, campus. Then something better came along — a Canadian biofuel made from waste wood that’s both cheaper and environmentally cleaner than the natural gas it had been burning, and without many of the logistical headaches that went with biomass.The cellulosic biofuel produced by Ensyn has a 30-year track record, and is poised to gain new customers in the eastern U.S. Ensyn currently operates one small production facility in Ontario but has plans to open at least two more plants in North America and another in Brazil.Although production is now barely a blip on the screen, roughly 3 million gallons a year, a biofuel made from wood holds intriguing possibilities for a heavily forested region of the country where fuel oil is still a dominant heat source. Nearly 360,000 Maine households, about 65% of the households in the state, burn oil or kerosene for heat. In Vermont and New Hampshire, oil’s share is about 45%, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, while the Northeast as a whole soaks up plenty of oil — just about 25% of all households use it for heat.center_img Conversion costs are highBates College spent about $1 million to convert one of its natural gas boilers so it could use Ensyn’s biofuel, said Bates College energy manager John Rasmussen. The college goes through about 700,000 gallons of fuel in a typical heating season, so Rasmussen also added a 20,000-gallon stainless-steel outdoor storage tank.The college needed new stainless-steel pumps and a new compressor; in fact, all plumbing for the fuel, up to an including the nozzle inside the combustion chamber must be made from stainless steel, because of the fuel’s high acid content. Also, to ensure proper ignition, the fuel must be heated to 160°F and delivered to the burner at 60 pounds per square inch of pressure.Like many other college campuses, Bates is putting a new emphasis on reducing its greenhouse gas emissions, and the switch to Ensyn’s biofuel looked more attractive than a conversion to wood chips or pellets — another option Rasmussen had been weighing and one that Colby College, also in Maine, embraced a few years ago.“This came along and we though, ‘Wow, this is fantastic,’” Rasmussen said by telephone. “We can get the same sustainability benefits. The fuel is more expensive than wood chips, but we would have had to spend $10 million to get a wood chip plant in here, plus the logistics weren’t good. We didn’t have a lot of land [to store] the fuel. We probably could have done it, but it would have been difficult, as opposed to spending a million bucks to convert an existing boiler.”The biofuel is trucked from the Ensyn plant in Renfrew, Ontario, an hour west of Ottawa and nine hours from the Bates campus. That trip will be shortened to about four hours when Ensyn completes a storage facility south of Quebec, but ultimately Rasmussen would like to see the company build a production facility somewhere in Maine.That idea is extremely appealing to a state with a strong forest products industry hard hit by recent downturns. Five paper mills have closed in the last three years as demand for traditional paper products fell, slashing thousands of jobs and creating a $1.3 billion hole in the state’s economy, Tux Turkel notes in a The Portland Press Herald report. At a time when many heating customers are looking for ways to reduce carbon emissions, a regionally produced heating fuel with better environmental credentials than oil could be just what the doctor ordered. That’s especially true if switching fuels did not require a wholesale replacement of heating equipment.The only rub? Ensyn’s biofuel, what it calls Renewable Fuel Oil, probably isn’t practical for residential use even as it lures new commercial and industrial accounts. Not a ‘black or white’ situation“I don’t know if it’s black and white,” Torrens said. Where Ensyn’s biofuel ultimately goes depends in part on the price of oil and a complex Environmental Protection Agency program called the Renewable Fuel Standard. RFS, which is designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as it promotes the use of renewable fuels, includes the use of Renewable Identification Numbers, or RINS, that companies like Ensyn create and then sell when they make renewable fuels.RINS are sold to “obligated parties” like oil companies to help them meet program requirements. The RINS from the sale of RFO allow Ensyn to offer a discount to Bates, but changes in oil prices can affect the value of RINS and thus affect corporate decisions on where the fuel should go. Even so, Torrens said that Ensyn would not abandon its current heating customers.Another factor is the push on college campuses to lower carbon emissions.“A lot of these universities, Bates being one of them, have signed a climate change pledge,” Torrens said. “There were 250 of them once; now there are 900 of them. They signed initially in 2007. Now 10 years into it, people are saying, ‘What’s our progress?’“Stationary heating nominally is between 30% and 40% of the greenhouse gas impact from a university,” he continued. “Everybody is going to great lengths to get renewable energy by buying [renewable energy credits], putting up wind, putting up solar, blah blah blah. But the elephant in the living room for some of these guys is their stationary sources and what you can do about that. This may be the only way to de-carbonize a district energy system.”The other elephant in the living room is, of course, the fledgling Trump administration and what will happen to renewable energy and programs like RFS under the EPA’s new chief Scott Pruitt. That picture is still far from clear.last_img read more

Beware The House ‘Review’ Of U.S. Copyright Law — It’s A Trap

Posted on

first_img8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… markhachman Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img Tags:#copyright A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Yesterday, an influential congressman announced plans for a “comprehensive review” of U.S. copyright law, potentially the first such effort in more than 35 years. And that’s got hearts palpitating across Silicon Valley, Hollywood and Capitol Hill.But don’t get too excited about the possibility for reforms that would safeguard an open and innovative Internet just yet. The legislator in question, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte, has been carrying water for Hollywood and other Big Copyright interests for years. In other words, this smells like a trap for reformers.(See also: The Internet Assault On TV Is Working)There’s no shortage of things to fix in the U.S. copyright system, which was last overhauled back when networking mostly meant dumb terminals connected to a minicomputer or a mainframe. Yet here’s where Goodlatte is coming from:He supported SOPA, which would have let federal agencies effectively censor alleged copyright infringers from the Internet without due process or much of an appeal;He co-sponsored CISPA, which would allow private business to share your personal information with federal agencies without sufficient privacy protections;He’s generally considered one of the bigger copyright maximalists in the U.S. Congress.So what’s he really up to? Here’s what Goodlatte said in a statement:The Internet has enabled copyright owners to make available their works to consumers around the world, but has also enabled others to do so without any compensation for copyright owners. Efforts to digitize our history so that all have access to it face questions about copyright ownership by those who are hard, if not impossible, to locate. There are concerns about statutory license and damage mechanisms. Federal judges are forced to make decisions using laws that are difficult to apply today. Even the Copyright Office itself faces challenges in meeting the growing needs of its customers – the American public.Compensation for copyright, digitizing published works, licensing, and cutting through the complexity of existing copyright law — these are all ripe subjects for reform. There’s just little reason to think Goodlatte is the right person to craft compromises that offer fair compensation for copyright holders without stifling the development of new digital-media services or crushing individual privacy.Confederacy Of DuncesGenerally speaking, the odds are against innovation-friendly copyright reform in the current Congress. Democrats have, by and large, been captured by Hollywood when it comes to discussion of copyright terms, digital rights and piracy. in their thinking on this issue. Republicans, meanwhile, have occasionally shown glimpses of original thinking on these subjects — often as not, only to recant them as quickly as Hollywood lobbyists could pick up a phone.Last November, for instance, the House Republican Study Committee released a position paper debunking various copyright “myths,” among them the notions that the current system compensates creators, benefits the public, and promotes innovation. It does no such thing, staffer Derek Khanna wrote; instead, the report called out copyright as an institutional monopoly that crushes new markets before they can prove themselves.Within twenty-four hours, the GOP had retracted the report, walking the party’s position back to the same tired arguments that we had all heard before. Not much later, Khanna himself was out of a job. Techdirt, which has followed the issue extensively, has also noted that Register of Copyright Maria Pallante has suggested that enforcement agencies focus on large-scale piracy (a good idea) but that copyright never inhibited innovation (incorrect).Absent a SOPA-style revolt by major Internet companies against the current copyright regime, which favors owners over creators and old media industries over the digital world, the best we can probably hope for is that Goodlatte’s review doesn’t make a bad situation worse.last_img read more

South Korea has big gold medal day at Asian Games

Posted on

first_imgAn established Olympic swimming superstar and a seven-month pregnant shooter helped South Korea to one of its best days at the Asian Games on Sunday.Park Tae-hwan, the 400-meter freestyle gold medalist at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, won the 200 freestyle in the Asian Games pool, leading throughout to break his own Asian record.Hours earlier, Gim Yun-mi, who is expecting a child in two months, helped out as South Korea swept all four shooting gold medals to give it nine on the day overall.The games also had a first world record – China’s Li Ping won the women’s 53-kilogram weightlifting division. She broke an eight-year-old world mark in the snatch when she lifted 103 kilograms, then lifted 127 in the clean and jerk to earn another world record for the combined total at 230 kilograms.China collected 18 golds Sunday and moved to a leading 37 on the second day of competition at the Games, which end Nov. 27. South Korea has 13 gold medals overall. Japan is in third place with eight golds and Hong Kong is next with two gold.China topped the medal count at the last Asian Games in Doha with 166 gold medals and is on its way to repeating that. There are 476 gold medals to be awarded in Guangzhou.South Korean shooter Lee Dae-myung won the men’s 10-meter air pistol and helped secure a victory in the team competition on the second morning. Later, Gim won the women’s 10-meter air pistol and helped South Korea win the women’s team gold.”I got the gold medal with my baby, I feel so happy,” Gim said through an interpreter.advertisementJia Rui helped deliver Macau’s first-ever gold medal at the Asian Games by winning the Daoshu/Gunshu all-round title in the Chinese martial arts of Wushu.Macau had won five silver and 10 bronze medals in previous Asian Games, but the 23-year-old individual world champion clinched Sunday’s gold with an acrobatic routine involving flips and fast sword movement.”In Macau, wushu is a hobby for many people, and this will be a big step for the sport in my country,” he said.India, meanwhile, won its first gold of the games when Pankaj Advani beat Nay Thway Oo of Malaysia 3-2 in men’s English billiards.Japanese triathletes finished first and second in the men’s race just 24 hours after two of their female compatriots took the major medals in the women’s event.On Sunday, Yuichi Hosoda and Ryosuke Yamamoto finished one-two to make Japan the undisputed triathlon champions of the Asian Games. On Saturday, Mariko Adachi and Akane Tsuchihashi of Japan won gold and silver, respectively, in the women’s race.At the Asian Games pool, Park broke the Chinese domination that has seen the host country win nine golds in 12 finals over two nights.Japanese star Kosuke Kitajima failed to win his 50-meter breaststroke heat in the morning and struggled again in the final, finishing 0.35 seconds behind winner, China’s Xie Zhi, to end up in a dead heat for fourth with Iran’s Mohammad Alirezaei Dizicheh. Kitajima’s teammate Ryo Tateishi was second.The 50 distance is not the 28-year-old Japanese star swimmer’s best event – he swept the 100 and 200 Olympic titles in Athens and Beijing. Still, failing to land a medal at all is a worrying sign heading into his signature events in Guangzhou.Kitajima said the competition was simply too strong.”Even though it’s my best result of this year, I did not get a medal,” he said. “I’ll try my best in the 100-meter breaststroke later.”last_img read more

Jolina dela Cruz has impressive UAAP debut in starting role for La Salle

Posted on

first_imgPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte “It feels good because coach put me in the first six and that means he trusts me. I just need to prove to myself that I deserved it and that I’m not just any rookie.”Dela Cruz, who also saw action during the Asian School Games in Singapore in 2017, although admitting to losing her focus in some parts of the game, certainly lived up to that promise in just her first game in the UAAP and helped seniors Desiree Cheng and May Luna.“I really need to be confident in everything that I do. I feel like I get caught in the moment too much and they remind me to snap out of it.”Despite dela Cruz’s impressive debut, de Jesus said her prized recruit is just scratching the surface.“As a rookie, I see that her performance is only 60 percent of what she can do and I expected that because everything is new to her like the huge crowd and the noise,” de Jesus said.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Joe Gibbs dedicates Daytona 500 victory to late son Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusationscenter_img And in her debut for the defending champions, dela Cruz proved why she deserved to be a starter as she racked up 11 points to help La Salle top its fiercest rival Ateneo to kick off its title defense in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament.“It’s a privilege to be part of the first six. At first, I wasn’t expecting to be in it knowing how hard  La Salle trains. Training is super hard,” dela Cruz said in Filipino.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesThe former Palarong Pambasa standout from Academia de San Lorenzo said earning a starting nod from head coach Ramil de Jesus just shows the trust the multi-titled mentor has in her capabilities.And that faith is something dela Cruz promises to repay in her stay with the Lady Spikers. Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town View comments Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—It’s not often that a rookie gets to be part of De La Salle’s stacked starting lineup.Jolina dela Cruz did on Sunday as she cracked the first six, filling the spot vacated by the ever-reliable opposite hitter Kim Kianna Dy.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIESlast_img read more

Jimmy Carter Steps Down From The Elders

Posted on

first_imgJimmy Carter is stepping down from his front-line role as a member of The Elders, the organisation said today.The former President of the United States, 91, will hold the title of honorary (“Emeritus”) Elder as of 1 June 2016.The Elders wish to pay tribute to Jimmy Carter’s inspiring and tireless work for the organisation since it was founded in 2007.He has brought his immense experience and expertise to bear on the complex geopolitical issues at the heart of the organisation’s work, and has also been a passionate advocate for women’s rights, social justice, action on climate change and other core Elders’ values.A forthright and principled advocate for human rights and democracy, Jimmy Carter took part in the very first Elders’ mission to Sudan in October 2007, highlighting atrocities and the displacement of millions of people in Darfur.He has also played a key role in every Elders’ delegation to the Middle East, most recently in May 2015 when he led a delegation to Israel and Palestine to draw attention to the humanitarian disaster in Gaza and support those on both sides who favour peace and a two-state solution. This came straight after Jimmy Carter’s participation in an Elders’ meeting with President Putin in Moscow, aimed at securing greater engagement on the Syrian crisis.Kofi Annan, Chair of The Elders, said:“From the Middle East to climate change, women’s rights to superpower diplomacy, Jimmy has brought the gravitas of his Presidential office but also the passion of an activist who believes the world can, and must, be changed for the better. The Elders would not be the organisation it is today without his drive and vision, and he will stay an inspiration for all of us for many years ahead.”last_img read more

The English Premier League has launched an invitat

Posted on

first_imgThe English Premier League has launched an invitation to bid for UK TV rights to the three seasons from 2013-14. The League is offering live rights to an increased total of 154 matches split into seven packages and a free-to-air highlights package including catch-up rights.Live rights are split across five packages of 26 matches and two packages of 12 matches. No single buyer will be allowed to buy more than 116 matches.“This creates a more attractive and compelling offering for both broadcasters and fans; whilst allowing the continued protection of the Saturday 3pm ‘closed window’ and minimising further displacement of Premier League fixtures,” the Premier League said.The League will open a separate sales process for two near-live packages each containing 226 matches – one for linear and one for video-on-demand – and an online clips package for all 380 matches.Despite the controversy around the recent court case to determine whether the League could block access to foreign transmissions in the UK, the rights on offer will be for the UK only, with international rights to be sold separately as before. There had been speculation that the League would move to a system of awarding rights on a pan-European basis.last_img read more

Smart TV apps that deliver video content are among

Posted on

first_imgSmart TV apps that deliver video content are among the most popular for UK consumers, according to the Rovi Corporation Smart TV Advertising Study, which was conducted by Decipher Research with the support of media firm Red Bull Media House.The Study surveyed 500 owners of Samsung Smart TVs and Blu-ray players and found that video content delivery apps, including BBC iPlayer, BBC News, LoveFilm, and YouTube, were among the most frequently used. The research also revealed that the average household with connected TV devices downloads at least nine apps.As part of the study, Red Bull Media House teamed with Rovi to research how users react to advertising on connected TV devices that were designed to drive awareness and downloads of its new Red Bull TV Smart TV App. The campaign for the Red Bull TV App features banners within the content search and discovery areas of the Samsung Smart Hub. The adverts direct viewers to an interactive microsite where they can watch high-definition clips of shows available on Red Bull TV and directly download the app. The campaign, which runs through June, has generated millions of impressions for Red Bull TV and driven 81% higher interest in downloading the app within its target demographic, Rovi said.“The Rovi Advertising Network enables advertisers to place dynamic, engaging ads in front of consumers as they search for meaningful entertainment across the many content sources and choices available to them on connected devices,” said Jon Hewson, advertising director for Rovi in EMEA. “As our relationship with Red Bull Media House attests, the Rovi Advertising Network is not only a great vehicle for media companies to better engage with consumers in the living room, but also an ideal tool for App developers looking to build an audience.”last_img read more

Content security specialist Nagra has announced su

Posted on

first_imgContent security specialist Nagra has announced support for Android TV with an end-to-end user experience ecosystem.Having launched 15 Android device deployments since 2014, delivering OTT and hybrid TV services to more than 10 million consumer devices worldwide, Nagra has now included Android TV into its end-to-end solution portfolio for pay TV service providers.OpenTV Signature Edition, Nagra’s pre-integrated and ready-to-launch OTT solution, now features an Android TV Operator Tier solution.OpenTV Signature Edition delivers a unified user experience across all screens through a user interface that blends traditional and modern navigation paths to linear and on-demand content, according to Nagra.“Operating within an end-to-end TV framework like OpenTV Signature Edition, an Android TV-based solution offers pay-TV operators a compelling TV experience that engages consumers and drives active content monetization,” said Holger Ippach, SVP, user experience product unit for Nagra.“We have been successfully embracing Android for mobile devices and tablets for years, and now with support for Android TV, we can help our customers benefit from everything it has to offer.”Nagra will exhibit at IBC on stand 1.C81.last_img read more