The 2016 schoolboy football season is in full swing with all the spills and thrills that a typical schoolboy football season brings. This season, however, comes into special focus, as it unfolds in the immediate aftermath of yet another failed World Cup-qualifying cycle. As the discussions, debates and analysis continue with added fervour. The age-old proposal of a two-tier system for the Manning and daCosta Cup competitions is back on the front burner. Veteran schoolboy coach Patrick ‘Jackie’ Walters has been for a long time championing of the call for the best teams in the Manning and daCosta Cup to be separated into divisions with an A division comprising the bigger and better teams with the weaker teams to play in a B division with a relegation and promotion process enforced. The idea is that instead of playing so many meaningless games against smaller so-called inferior teams and winning 8-0, 9-0, and 10-0 the top teams should play more often among themselves, thus guaranteeing more competitive games, better football, and more meaningful development of the players. This, to my mind, is trending down the dangerous road of elitism in what are still amateur school competitions. This radical change would effectively be telling smaller, poorer, less-equipped schools like Tarrant High, Edith Dalton James, Papine etc., that they are not good enough’ to rub shoulders with the likes of St George’s College, Kingston College and Jamaica College. The same subliminal message would be sent to the smaller rural schools, such as Green Pond, May Day High or Black River High, that they don’t belong on the same field and are inferior – not just as footballers, but as a school community and as individuals. That they are lesser beings that their counterparts who attend Cornwall College, Munro College or Clarendon College. As the competitions are more even after the first round, the main objectives sought after by this proposal are for the most part achieved as the proverbial sheep are separated from the goats, as the elite teams do emerge and compete against each other for championship honours. The advent of the high-profile ISSA-Flow Super Cup pushes the concept even further providing an even bigger stage for the top teams to strut their stuff against each other, which further diminishes the need to split the competitions into divisions. The Manning and daCosta Cup competitions as they are, are highly successful and hugely popular products that provide a pivotal platform for the exposure of the nation’s best young football talent. It is the skill of meaningfully identifying that talent and what we do with that talent that have been our most significant let down. The Schoolboy football competitions are far from perfect, within an even more imperfect football structure in Jamaica, but we have to keep our feet grounded in reality. The magnitude of improvement and impact being craved by some of these suggested changes to the schoolboy football product are unrealistic. There are more achievable fundamentals such as improving the surfaces and beginning the transformation in the way talented young Jamaican players view themselves in the wider scheme of things. The practice of drilling it into the subconscious of our top 17, 18, 19 year olds that they are “so young” and have so much time to develop, is a crippling and devastating mistake. The career path of a professional footballer is generally clearly defined from as early as fourteen or fifteen years old. When we keep telling our best young players how young they are, we are covertly setting back the psychological development and advancement an average of five usually detrimental years. These are but some of the immediate problems we need to address in our football before we further muddy the waters with another act of classism. No need for split
D’Angelo Russell of the Brooklyn Nets reacts alongside Quincy Acy during the second half of the NBA game against the Phoenix Suns at Talking Stick Resort Arena on November 6, 2017 in Phoenix, Arizona. The Nets defeated the Suns 98-92. Christian Petersen/Getty Images/AFPPHOENIX — The Brooklyn Nets had lost their scoring touch during a four-game losing streak, so they turned to defensive pressure to end the skid.D’Angelo Russell scored 13 of his 23 points in the fourth quarter, and Brooklyn held the Phoenix Suns to 34.9 percent shooting in a 98-92 win Monday night.ADVERTISEMENT Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ DeMarre Carroll added 14 points and 11 rebounds, and Allen Crabbe scored 15 points.“That was the first time we held a team under 100 (points) this year,” Crabbe said. “I think we all just came in focused.”T.J. Warren had 20 points as the Suns dropped their third straight, including Sunday at San Antonio. Devin Booker scored 18 points before fouling out late in the game.The Suns started well, with Booker scoring 11 points in the first seven minutes, before the Nets used a 16-0 run to go up 28-16.Phoenix cut the lead to one twice in the second quarter but finished the half making 10 of 40 shots. The Nets, behind 14 first-half points from Harris, led 47-41 at the break.ADVERTISEMENT It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Irving takes charge, Celtics beat Hawks for 9th straight win MOST READ Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? “Give them credit, they challenged us well,” Suns interim head coach Jay Triano said. “We tried … to see if we could get a bunch of guys going and it was tough to make shots.”MR. 3,000Booker reached 3,000 career points with a 19-foot jumper with 7:46 to play in the first quarter. He needed six points to reach 3,000 entering the game.Booker, 21, is the fourth-youngest player in NBA history to score 3,000 points, behind LeBron James, Kevin Durant and Carmelo Anthony.“It means a lot,” Booker said after the game. “My dream my whole life is to play in the NBA. Once I got here I realized I wanted to leave a mark. … I’m trying to do it, and trying to get wins along with it.”TIP-INSNets: F Rondae-Hollis Jefferson played 17 minutes in the first half but did not return in the second half due to a right hip contusion. … F Trevor Booker (sore lower back) did not play and is day to day, coach Kenny Atkinson said. Booker didn’t take part in the pregame shootaround. … F Quincy Acy played despite a left groin strain, his first action since Oct. 27.Suns: Veteran F Jared Dudley played a season-high 21 minutes and scored his first six points of the season. … Former NBA All-Star and Suns forward Clifford Robinson attended the game. … The Suns have lost three straight at home to the Nets.UP NEXTNets: At Denver on Tuesday night, the third game of five on a Western road trip.Suns: Host Miami Wednesday night. Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Russell added eight assists, Joe Harris scored a season-high 18 points and Brooklyn won a game that featured 32 turnovers and 59 fouls.“It wasn’t the prettiest game ever played in the NBA,” Nets head coach Kenny Atkinson said. “A lot of fouls, but we found a way. Our defense was good. We had contributions from a lot of guys.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smogThe Suns rallied from a 15-point first-half deficit to lead 75-74 after Jared Dudley’s layup with 9:17 to play. The Nets went back ahead moments later and held on for their first road win of the season, with Russell scoring eight of his team’s next 12 point after it lost the lead.“Just didn’t want to lose and tried to do whatever it took to win,” Russell said. “Everybody came through as a collective unit and did what they were supposed to do.” Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ LATEST STORIES View comments
Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations And it was after the stalemate that Tiu displayed his glorious presence, scoring on three straight three-pointers to give the Elasto Painters a 93-86 lead, capping off a blistering 21-6 run.“I’m happy with the way I shot the ball today,” said Tiu who finished with 17 points, 13 in the fourth alone, on 5-of-11 shooting.“Sometimes you just need courage to do those kinds of things because you practice it during training, you simulate it, you think about those shots so you just have to take risks and today it went in,” added Tiu in Filipino.Tiu, however, wasn’t fully on board with Garcia’s description.The 32-year-old combo guard shot an unholy clip in the first half going 1-of-6 from the field.ADVERTISEMENT Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lacson: Calamity fund cut; where did P4 billion go? China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls Chris Tiu’s late-game heroics for Rain or Shine in the PBA Commissioner’s Cup was of such impact that his head coach used a term that can also be used to describe the Virgin Mary.ADVERTISEMENT Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film MOST READ Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial LATEST STORIES Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding PBA: Meralco escapes Phoenix in OT Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina The Elasto Painters needed every ounce of Tiu’s clutch gene in the fourth quarter to take down upset-seeking Blackwater 104-94 Friday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.“The guy has heart, and he was immaculate earlier because he was there when we needed the points,” said Elasto Painters head coach Caloy Garcia in Filipino.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownRain or Shine trailed 80-72 at the start of the fourth quarter before Tiu’s teammates slowly chipped away at the lead and tied the game at 84.READ: PBA: Rain or Shine ousts Blackwater, books quarterfinals berth Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew “I don’t want to claim I’m immaculate because I made a lot of mistakes also,” said Tiu. “But coach Caloy believed in me and kept the faith. I just try to help the team in whatever way I can, if we need some outside shots and we just got to try and take them and luckily they went in today.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next
Hero Caribbean Premier League 2018…The script of the second playoff in the Hero CPL 2018 tournament would be written tonight at the Providence National Stadium when Jamaica Tallawahs and the St Kitts and Nevis Patriots go head-to-head for a shot at the championship title.The loser of this match will be eliminated, while the winner will face the loser of the first playoff match between Guyana Amazon Warriors and Trinbago Knight Riders.It should be noted that, in recent times, the side bowling first at the Providence Stadium has a higher chance of victory. Therefore, the toss is going to be an important factor to whichever team wins it on Wednesday.In their last game, Jamaica Tallawahs defeated Guyana Amazon Warriors by eight wickets to finish third with 12 points on the CPL 2018 points table. They have won six and lost four of their ten league fixtures.Prior to their encounter against the Warriors, they beat Barbados Tridents by fiveOshane Thomaswickets, before facing a seven-wicket loss to St Kitts and Nevis Patriots in a rain-truncated contest.The Tallawahs have been brilliant with the bat in their last four matches. They have a formidable batting line-up, but the key men are going to be Glenn Phillips, Rovman Powell and Ross Taylor. Phillips is currently third on the list of top run-scorers this CPL, while Powell has a strike-rate of 162 along with three half-centuries to his name. Powell blasted a 40-ball 84 in his last knock against the Patriots, and is coming off a score of 55 not out against the Warriors.Taylor, too, smashed an unbeaten fifty both in that game and in the first reverse encounter earlier in the season.Oshane Thomas and Andre Russell, with 15 and 14 wickets respectively, have been the pick of the bowlers for the Tallawahs, and the onus will be on these two to take wickets and exert pressure on the Patriots. Ish Sodhi and Samuel Badree could also do well here, with the wicket expected to offer some support for the spinners. New Zealand leg-spinner Ish Sodhi has replaced his Australian counterpart Adam Zampa, who has returned home to play domestic cricket.Their opponents, St Kitts and Nevis Patriots, have finished the league stage as the fourth placed team on the points table with five wins and four losses from ten matches. After facing defeats against Guyana Amazon Warriors and Trinbago Knight Riders, and having had a game against St Lucia Stars abandoned, the Patriots bounced back into the tournament with back-to-back wins over Jamaica Tallawahs and Barbados Tridents respectively. In their last match, they narrowly managed to chase the Tridents’ total of 168, to win by two wickets.Patriots will bank on their opening pair of Chris Gayle and Evin Lewis to take themRassie Van der Dussenoff to a brisk start. Gayle has been their leading run-getter this CPL season, and the team will be hoping that he fires for them; along with Lewis, who has had a rather cold season so far.Rassie van der Dussen had scored 45 not out in the most recent encounter against the Tallawahs, and he is another key figure at the top of the order. Ben Cutting, Sheldon Cottrell and Carlos Brathwaite have been the go-to bowlers for the Patriots. Cutting has taken the most wickets for them this season with 10 in 9 matches, and the Australian seamer will be their biggest hope with the ball. Cottrell, too, has bowled well, and it will be crucial that he strikes early in the innings. Tabraiz Shamsi, who claimed the best figures of 2-16 in the last game, can also be effective on this spin-friendly track.Devon Thomas, Carlos Brathwaite and Sheldon Cottrell were all rested for the previous match against Barbados Tridents, and they are likely to return at the expense of Ibrahim Khaleel, Jeremiah Louis and Anton Devcich.The team may also experiment, as they have recently signed Saad Bin Zafar a Canada left-arm-spinning-all-rounder whose economy rate of 6.23 may prove valuable in the game against the Tallawahs. Saad comes in following the Bangladesh all-rounder Mahmudullah’s departure for the Asia Cup in the UAE.SKNP Predicted XI: Chris Gayle (c), Evin Lewis, Rassie Van der Dussen, Saad Bin Zafar, Devon Thomas (WK), Carlos Braithwaite, Fabian Allen, Ben Cutting, Sheldon Cottrell, Alzarri Joseph, Tabraiz Shamsi.JT Predicted XI: Glen Phillips (WK), Johnson Charles, Ross Taylor, Rovman Powell, David Miller, Andre Russell (C), Colin De Grandhomme, Ish Sodhi, Steven Jacobs, Samuel Badree, Oshane Thomas.
• Slideshow: La Canada vs Monrovia LA CA?ADA – Monrovia High School assistant girls soccer coach Jaime Payne fought back tears after Shannon Brooks’ goal in the 74th minute gave the Wildcats an emotional 1-0 victory over host La Ca ada on Thursday. The Wildcats contained Spartans striker Nancy Avesyan with defenders Samantha Rogers and Wallace. “It took a total team effort to get this shutout,” Wildcats coach Randy Medina said. email@example.com (626) 962-8811, Ext. 4485 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Monrovia players honored Payne’s cousin and their coach by wearing black wristbands. The Wildcats also won despite not having the services of Payne’s sister, midfielder Lisa Kelley, who broke her toe in Wednesday’s practice. “I love these girls,” Payne said. “It meant a lot to see them wear the bands and be so supportive. My head wasn’t all here today, so to get a win, especially the way we got it, felt good after everything that has happened.” Brooks, who hit the post on a free-kick minutes earlier, said her eyes lit up when sweeper Amy Wallace sent a long ball for her. She beat the Spartans’ offside trap, then steered her shot past goalkeeper Colleen Boyd for the game-winner. “When you see it coming and you’re all alone, that’s when you have to bury it,” Brooks said. “Nobody thought we would win the league title again (after graduating three first-team seniors), but we wanted it and we got it.” The victory earned the Wildcats (11-5-4, 6-1-3) a share of the Rio Hondo League title with the Spartans (12-5-3, 6-1-3), and gave the Wildcats the league’s top seed entering the CIF-Southern Section playoffs, because of a superior head-to-head record. It had been a tough 24 hours for Payne, who learned on Wednesday that her cousin, a Marine pilot, died in a helicopter crash in Iraq.
Eight Chinese Airline representatives arrived in Ireland last week where they spent time on site visits to Solis Lough Eske Castle and Harvey’s Point Hotel.The representatives got to learn more about Fáilte Ireland’s three major tourism brands: Ireland’s Ancient East; the Wild Atlantic Way and Dublin – A Breath of Fresh Air.The tailored visit was designed to promote Ireland to the Chinese market and was hosted and managed by Fáilte Ireland in collaboration with Tourism Ireland. The representatives were some of the most influential airline operators in China who expressed an interest in growing their business into Ireland.While in Ireland a bespoke itinerary was designed by Fáilte Ireland for the Chinese group to immerse themselves in.The highlights included a guided tour of EPIC Ireland and the Guinness Storehouse in Dublin, a visit to Wicklow’s Powerscourt House and Gardens, a trip to Kildare Village and a tour of Ireland’s National Stud in Ireland’s Ancient East, followed by a trip to Bunratty Castle & Folk Park, the Cliffs of Moher (pictured), a walking tour of Galway City, Kylemore Abbey & Victorian Walled Gardens, site visits to Solis Lough Eske Castle and Harvey’s Point Hotel on the Wild Atlantic Way.Ciara Sugrue, Fáilte Ireland’s Head of International Publicity, explained “The Chinese market is an important market for Ireland and we were delighted to welcome the Chinese Airlines representatives to Ireland where we showcased our tourism offering across our three tourism brands. We believe that their interest in learning more about Ireland is a testimony to the strength of our attraction.” China is the world’s largest source market, accounting for an estimated 85 million outbound trips in 2016. It is also projected that Europe will welcome an estimated 11 million Chinese arrivals in 2016 – a share of 12% of the Chinese market.With the Chinese market to Europe forecast to grow by 9% per annum over the next five years, these Chinese decision makers have the capacity to deliver significant amounts of visitors to Ireland and their presence here is testament to Ireland’s appeal as a destination.”Up, up and away as Chinese Airline reps visit Donegal was last modified: November 9th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest More sunshine today, and no significant changes to our forecast for the coming 10 days.High pressure moves east of us today, and we should see a little more south wind flow, taking temps up a few degrees over yesterday. Clouds will start to build in by late afternoon. Scattered showers arrive early tomorrow, and we see moisture potential or the next three days – tomorrow, Friday and Saturday. For tomorrow, scattered showers stay relatively light, bringing a few hundredths to a tenth or two over about 60% of the state. The best chances for the upper end of the range will be in the northern half to third of the state. Overnight tomorrow night through Friday, our second wave works through, bringing few hundredths to .4” with 70% coverage. The best action there will be from US 30 north. Then we see our strongest, best organized wave of moisture coming for overnight Friday night through Saturday. This will bring an additional .25”-1” to 90% of the state. All action will be done by Sunday morning. Combined, that means we see three day rain potential at half to 1.5” over nearly all of the state. All action should be done by Sunday midday. However, cold air is rushing in behind the event…and it still is not out of the realm of possibility that we see some wet snow flakes overnight and Sunday morning, mostly in the northern half to third of the state. Stay tuned. The map at right shows cumulative rains for the 3 day period.A dry and sunny pattern returns for the start of next week and runs from Monday the 1st through Wednesday the 3rd. We can’t rule out some light rain on Thursday the 4th, bringing .1”-.6” and 80% coverage, and then we are seeing a second wave of moisture to lift up through on Friday the 5th with another .25”-.5” of precipitation potential.After a dry start to next weekend on the 6th, we have rain back form Sunday the 7th and Monday the 8th. Combined totals can be from .35”-1” over 100% of the state, although rains for Monday the 8th will be mostly from I-70 north. Drier weather completes the extended period for the 9th and 10th.
Aperture RangeF2-22 Preferred SensorFull Frame Pricing and AvailabilityBoth the 50mm and 35mm lenses are expected to ship by December 31, 2014. The Lokia 50mm will have a base price of $949 with the 35mm going for $1,299.What do you think of Zeiss’ new lenses?Share in the comments below. The latest Zeiss announcement brings cinematic quality to Sony users.The Sony A7S has made a splash in the indie-filmmaking world, and rightfully so. It features insane low-light capabilities and 4K output making it a great option for the modern filmmaker.However, one area in which Sony has traditionally fallen behind Canon, Nikon, and Panasonic is in its availability of lenses. In the current lens market most new lenses get released in either Canon EF or Micro 4/3 format before being released to Nikon, Panasonic and Sony, if at all.This can be frustrating for Sony users, but thankfully one respected manufacturer is beginning to create lenses specifically for Sony full-frame cameras. Zeiss has just announced their release of two full-frame lenses compatible with the Sony E mount – a 35mm f/2 and a 50mm f/2.The Zeiss Loxia lenses have been specially designed for filmmakers, which makes the A7S just a little more enticing for those looking to get a new camera. Each lens also has the ability to be de-clicked by simply turning a screw.Loxia 35mm f/2 Specs Lens MountsSony E Mount Preferred SensorFull Frame ApertureManual w/ Declickable with “Declick Tool” MarkingsAperture and Focal Distance FocusManual Focus No Gear Minimum Focus Distance1.45′ feet Aperture RangeF2-22 ApertureManual w/ Declickable with “Declick Tool” Minimum Focus Distance11.81″ inches FocusManual Focus No Gear MarkingsAperture and Focal Distance Lens MountsSony E Mount Loxia 50mm f/2 Specs
The Bharatiya Janata Party-Shiv Sena government on Wednesday tabled an interim Budget targeted at boosting its popularity among urban voters ahead of Lok Sabha elections in just over a month. The ₹19,784-crore deficit Budget for 2019-20 focusses on the delivery of big-ticket infrastructure projects at the rich expense of ballooning fiscal deficit, and debt. The total outlay of ₹99,000 crore, includes funds for construction of Metros, roads, transportation, mobility schemes and housing in urban areas. In his 75-minute speech, State Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar refrained from announcing any new projects, but focused only on providing money to projects already in progress. The Opposition was quick to term his effort ‘disappointing’, arguing it neither caters to the farmers nor the urban population.Metro projectsMr. Mungantiwar said the government is determined to complete Metro projects in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur and other cities speedily. “In Mumbai, approval has been given to MMRDA for a plan of 276 km Metro route length. Therefore an ambitious decision has been taken by the government to extend the Metro network to Thane, Mira-Bhayander, Vasai-Virar, Kalyan-Dombivli and Bhiwandi,” he said. Apart from Nagpur, Pune and Navi Mumbai where 141.06 km Metro route will be constructed, preliminary survey for light rail transport system is being undertaken for Nashik city as well. Giving a pushing to boosting road infrastructure, Mr. Mungantiwar has proposed an outlay of ₹8,500 crore for road construction in the State, in addition to ₹1,105 crore under Central Road Fund Scheme. Last year, ₹10,828 crore were allocated for road construction.An outlay of ₹3,700 crore has been proposed for the hybrid annuity model, the same as last year’s provision. The finance minister also announced the beginning of construction of Mumbai-Nagpur express highway and said that ₹700 crore has been spent on land acquisition. The Budget has proposed modernisation of State Transport bus stations and purchase of new buses, for which ₹101 crore has been earmarked.Addressing the issue of industrial growth and employment, Mr. Mungantiwar claimed that the State has created 25.60 lakh employments in the last one year. He said the new IT policy is likely to attract an investment of ₹1,500 crore and create one lakh jobs.“Under the electronic policy, ₹6,300 crore investment is expected and 12,000 jobs are likely to be generated,” he said, giving credit to Make in India and Magnetic Maharashtra convergence summits. Investments of ₹7,500 cr. and ₹7,000 cr. are expected from space and defence material manufacturing policy, and the eco-friendly electric vehicle manufacturing policy respectively. An outlay of ₹65 crore is proposed for the Industrial Cluster Development Program, he said. The Minister proposed an outlay of ₹6,895 crore for the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), a substantial increase from last year’s ₹2,215.85 crore. Similarly, an outlay of ₹2,400 crore has been proposed for smart cities project and for Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation for development of basic facilities such as water supply in urban areas, sewerage and green belts.