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Occupational health research round-up: March 2018

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first_img Reply Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.Comment Name (required) Email (will not be published) (required) Website Exercising mindfulness at work and home can help mitigate stress , research has suggested This month’s crop of occupational health research papers includes a study showing the value of exercising mindfulness at work, the role of counselling in tackling sedentary behaviour, and the occupational health risks of nanotechnology.Mindfulness acts as stress bufferExercising mindfulness at work and home buffers the negative relationship between workplace demands and psychological detachment after work. This is one of the findings of a diary-based study of the stressor-detachment model. According to this model, emotional and workload demands at work should be associated with decreased psychological detachment after work, which in turn is associated with lower wellbeing at bedtime. The study demonstrates the buffering role of daily mindfulness within the stressor-detachment model and highlights the value of considering mindfulness in both the work and home setting: “promoting mindfulness both in the work and home domain can help employees psychologically detach from work despite high job demands”, the authors conclude.V C Haun et al. “Being mindful at work and at home: buffering effects in the stressor-detachment model”,, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, published online 7 January 2018.Evidence-based practice and managementMost managers are positive about the concept of evidence-based practice (EBP) but do not apply it due to a lack of time and a limited understanding of the scientific research with which they are presented. These are the findings of a survey of 2,789 managers in Europe, the USA and Australia; the survey commentary also concludes that relatively little research exists on the use of EBP in management, especially when compared with medicine and nursing professions.E Barends et al. “Managerial attitudes and perceived barriers regarding evidence-based practice: an international study,” PLOSOne, published online 3 October 2017.Customer mistreatment of employeesThe positive intervention of human resources (HR) practitioners, for example, by offering training to employees in customer-facing roles, can help protect these staff from the effects of verbal abuse and other customer mistreatment, according to this study of 730 service sector employees. Mistreatment by customers (including verbal abuse) was less likely to be related to emotional exhaustion in those teams where employees were provided with more opportunities to participate at work, the study finds. The authors suggest that the job demands-resources model might provide an overarching framework to understand the role of HR management practices in reducing the impact of customer mistreatment.X Hu et al, “Employees’ reactions to customer mistreatment: the moderating role of human resource management practices”, Work & Stress, vol 32, issue 1, 2018, pp49-67.Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and workplace bullyingChronic workplace bullying has the potential to precipitate Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) in targeted employees, according to this case study. TC is a condition involving transient dysfunction in the left ventricular, brought on by acute physical or emotional stress. TC is not well understood, but it is known to predominantly affect post-menopausal women in the context of physical or emotional triggers. In the case study, a 48-year-old woman lawyer developed acute chest pain after experiencing significant emotional distress at a workplace meeting following 18 months of rising mental stress. A diagnosis of TC was made after an initial one of myocardial infarction.H Malik et al. “Takotsubo cardiomyopathy associated with workplace bullying”, Occupational Medicine, published online 17 January 2018.Academic presenteeism is rifePresenteeism – going to work when sick – is common in UK colleges and universities, according to this study of 6,874 academics. Risk factors for working when sick include high job demands, low job control poor support from managers and high levels of work engagement. Almost 90% of academics in the study reported working while sick at least once.G Kinman et al. “Presenteeism in academic employees – occupational and individual factors”, Occupational Medicine, published online 17 January 2018.Counselling helps cut sedentary work behaviourA workplace intervention combining behavioural counselling and the self-management of pain helps reduce the time employees with low back pain (LBP) spend sitting at their desks, this randomised controlled trial finds. Time spent sitting at work fell by 1.5 hours a day over a six-month period amongst the group receiving the intervention compared to the control. At the six-month point, this group also reported a 50% fall in disability (using the Oswestry Disability Index), compared with a 14% fall in the control group. The authors conclude the intervention is a translatable treatment strategy, showing promise for the treatment of chronic LBP in desk-bound employees.A second study of 2,572 Japanese workers finds that cutting employees’ sedentary behaviour may improve levels of engagement and productivity. It finds that around 70% of all work days involved sedentary behaviour, or around 43 hours a week on average. Work-related sedentary behaviour was associated with low work vigour and engagement amongst those aged 40-59 and low efficiency amongst younger workers.B Barone Gibbs et al. “Reducing sedentary behaviour to decrease chronic low back pain: the stand back randomised trial”, Occupational & Environmental Medicine, published online 12 January 2018. K Ishii et al. “Work engagement, productivity and self-reported work-related sedentary behaviour amongst Japanese adults: a cross-sectional study”, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, published online 26 December 2017.Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and MSDsA rehabilitation model using multidisciplinary team assessments and multimodal interventions (TEAM) is more effective in improving the self-efficacy of women on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders than either: the use of acceptance and commitment therapy, or a control, this study finds. Data were collected on the women’s self-efficacy before the intervention and at the six and 12-month points, and the results show that during the intervention period, the women in the TEAM group reported a mean increase in self-efficacy from 2.29 to 2.74.Å Andersén et al. “Strengthened general self-efficacy with multidisciplinary vocational rehabilitation in women on long-term sick leave: a randomised controlled trial”, Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, published online 9 January 2018.Risks in nanotechnologyOccupational health and safety professionals know little about how nanomaterials are used in construction or demolition, despite predictions that up to half of new building products may contain nanomaterials by 2025. A project sponsored by the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health has researched what is known about the prevalence of the materials, potential risks and how workers in the affected sectors might manage the risks. For example, some long and very thin strands of nanomaterial – used in a range of products from self-cleaning windows to very high strength concrete – might act like asbestos if they float freely in the environment and are inhaled. Dr Wendy Jones of Loughborough University said: “With this research we aimed to get a clearer picture of the current status of nanomaterials used in the construction industry and to bring this information to relevant audiences in a practical way. We also hoped to debunk some controversy and misunderstanding about nanomaterials and their risks… Risk only arises if workers are exposed to certain nanoparticles or nanofibers in the form of dusts or aerosols; this might occur during construction or demolition activities.”Loughborough University for IOSH, “Nanotechnology in construction and demolition: what we know, what we don’t” https://www.iosh.co.uk/nanotechnology  Occupational health research round-up: March 2018By Sarah Silcox on 2 Mar 2018 in Research, Sickness absence management, Occupational Health, Wellbeing and health promotion, Personnel Today Bryan Smith 4 Apr 2018 at 6:32 pm # What do you consider to be the most significant developments in OH in the last 6 months? How would you monitor and evaluate the quality of service you are providing? Be helpful to see what your veiws would be.RegardsBryan Smith One Response to Occupational health research round-up: March 2018 Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos.last_img read more

Women’s hoops notches W over Long Beach State

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first_imgJunior guard Minyon Moore (center) dribbles through opposing defenders at Galen Center. (Josh Dunst | Daily Trojan)Behind 40 combined points from senior shooting guard Aliyah Mazyck and junior guard Minyon Moore Sunday at Walter Pyramid, the women’s basketball team improved to 2-0 after defeating Long Beach State 86-50.Mazyck scored 17 of her 19 points in the first half, shooting 6-of-9 from the field and 4-of-6 from beyond-the-arc. Mazyck finished the game with 26 minutes, 19 points and four rebounds. Moore was 4-of-4 from the field for 10 points in the first half, including 2 points from the free throw line. The junior guard finished with 21 points in 32 minutes, leading all scorers. She also added seven rebounds, seven assists and four steals to her total. “[Minyon] has an elite skill, and that skill is playing hard,” head coach Mark Trakh said. “She gets after it, she rebounds defends, scores at a high rate … She’s an overall great player.”The Trojans had some solid performances off the bench. Redshirt sophomore forward Asiah Jones  did not wait long to get her college career started. Coming off her first career college game where she scored 4 points with five rebounds, Jones showed improvement by leading all non-starters in minutes, points and rebounds with 18, 9 and six, respectively. In addition, senior Cheyanne Wallace went 5-of-8 at the free throw line. Wallace finished with 5 points in 16 minutes.The Trojans began the game fast, scoring 8 straight points before giving up a 3-pointer to sophomore Naomi Hunt three minutes into the game. The Trojans finished the first quarter with a 23-8 run that extended to a 31-9 run four minutes into the second quarter. USC finished a dominant half shooting 60 percent from the field, taking a commanding 51-22 lead at halftime.“In the first half we focused … we’re executing our offense, we really focused on our defense. So the first half gets an A-plus,” Trakh said. “But we lost our focus, we lost our discipline in the third quarter. We started making mistakes on defense, and made some mistakes on offense … We need to be focused for 40 minutes not 20.”After a trip to the charity stripe by Wallace in the third quarter, the Women of Troy extended their lead to 37, the greatest margin of the night. USC dominated the post with 38 total points in the paint while out-rebounding the 49ers 50-24. Minyon and senior guard Mariya Moore combined for 16 boards on the night. The Trojans also scored 33 points off Long Beach State’s 24 turnovers, another testament to Trakh’s philosophy of taking advantage of turnovers.“[My philosophy first comes from] our defense, we do a good job of forcing turnovers,” Trakh said. “I expect that to continue, we have some kids who can defend and I expect that to continue.”With only two games under their belt, the Trojans have shown what they are capable of, having outscored opponents 159-105 so far.Freshman guard Justina King led Long Beach State with 12 points and five assists in 39 minutes of play. Junior guard Sydney Bordonaro led all bench players for the 49ers, scoring 12 points on two 3-pointers and four free throws in 15 minutes.The Trojans look to extend their undefeated record when they return to Galen Center for two home games. They will face UC Santa Barbara Thursday at 7 p.m., and Santa Clara University Sunday at 2 p.m.last_img read more